Preventive Care Services

Listed below are a number of preventive care services. These services may help prevent illness and improve your health. Please be aware that some preventive care services may not be covered by your health insurance.

This is a general list of services for people who are in overall good health. Your medical provider may want you to have other care services or services more often depending on your health.

Adult preventive care services

Preventive Care Service For Whom Additional Information

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening

Men ages 65 to 75 who have ever smoked

One-time ultrasound screening

Aspirin for heart disease and colon cancer prevention

Some adults ages 50 to 79 years

Taking one aspirin once a day. Ask your provider if you're at risk.

Mammogram (breast cancer screening)

Woman ages 50 to 74 years

A mammogram every 2 years. Some women younger than 50 may need a mammogram. Your provider will tell you.

Breast cancer prevention

Women who have a family history of breast cancer

Taking medications to reduce the risk of breast cancer. Ask your provider if you're at risk.

Cervical cancer screening

Women ages 21 to 65 years

A Pap smear test every 3 years or a Pap smear test and a human papilloma virus (HPV) test every 5 years. HPV test can start at age 30.

Chlamydia and gonorrhea screening

  • Women under the age of 24 years
  • Older women who are at risk of getting a sexually transmitted disease (STD)

Ask your provider if you are at risk.

Cholesterol screening

  • Men 35 years or older
  • Women 45 years or older
  • Men and women 20 to 45 years who have a greater risk for heart disease

A blood test every 5 years unless you have an increased risk of heart disease

Colon cancer screening

Ages 50 to 75 years

A colonoscopy every 10 years or a fecal immunochemical test (FIT) every year. Ask you provider for information about these two options.

Diabetes screening

Ages 40 to 70 years who are overweight

Blood test for glucose (blood sugar) or hemoglobin A1C (your blood sugar levels over the last 3 months)

Fall prevention

Ages 65 years and older who are at risk of falling

Taking a vitamin D supplement

Hepatitis B screening

Those who are at risk for infection

Ask your provider if you're at risk.

Hepatitis C screening

Those who were born between the years 1945 and 1965

This is a blood test you only need one time.

HIV screening

  • Ages 15 to 65 years
  • Those younger or older who are at risk for HIV

Blood test. Ask your provider if you're at risk.

Lung cancer screening

Ages 55 to 80 years who have:

  • A history of smoking more than 30 packs or more of cigarettes a year
  • Quit smoking in the past 15 years

Special X-ray of your lungs. You must be seen by your provider before this test can be ordered for you.

Osteoporosis screening

  • Women 65 years and older
  • Women under the age of 65 who have an increased risk for bone fractures

A test called a DEXA scan that measures how healthy and strong your bones are



Preventive care services by age group

Preventive Care Service 15 to 20
Years
21 to 25
Years
26 to 49
Years
50 to 55
Years
56 to 64
Years
Over 65
Years

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening

         

One-time test for men

Aspirin for heart disease and colon cancer prevention

     

Some adults ages 50 to 59

Mammogram (breast cancer screening)

     

Women ages 50 to 74 years. Some women younger than 50 may need a screening. Your provider will tell you.

Breast cancer prevention

 

Women who have a family history of breast cancer

Chlamydia and gonorrhea screening

Women under the age of 24 years and older women who are at risk. Ask your provider.

Cholesterol screening

Men 35 years and older. Women 45 years and older. Men and women 20 to 45 who have a greater risk of heart disease.

Colon cancer screening

     

Ages 50 to 75 years. Colonoscopy every 10 years or a fecal immunochemical test (FIT) every year.

Diabetes screening

   

Ages 40 to 70 years who are overweight

Fall prevention

         

Ages 65 and older

Hepatitis B screening

Those who are at risk for infection. Ask your provider.

Hepatitis C screening

         

Those who were born between 1945 and 1965

HIV screening

Ages 15 to 65 years. Those younger or older who are at risk. Ask your provider.

Lung cancer screening

     

Ages 55 to 80 years who have a history of smoking 30 packs a year of cigarettes or more

Osteoporosis screening

   

Women 65 years and older. Women under the age of 65 who have an increased risk of bone fractures.