Otoplasty generally takes 2 to 3 hours, and is performed on an outpatient basis. The type of anesthesia used typically depends on the age of the patient, with general anesthesia recommended for very young patients, and local anesthesia and a sedative recommended for older children and adults. Otoplasty begins with a small incision’s being made behind the ear, in the natural crease where the ear meets the head.
The cartilage is then sculpted and bent to achieve the desired appearance. In some types of otoplasty, skin is removed, but the cartilage is left in one piece and merely bent back on itself to create a less protruding ear. After sculpting the cartilage to the desired shape, sutures and a bandage are used to hold the ear in position until healing is complete. To make sure they are as symmetrical as possible, both ears may be operated on even if only one has a problem.
Although the ears may ache or throb for a few days, a patient usually feels normal within hours of the surgery’s completion. Medication is prescribed to help alleviate any discomfort. A few days after otoplasty, the bandages around the head are replaced with a surgical dressing that is worn for about a week, at which point the stitches are removed.
Otoplasty patients should avoid sleeping on their sides for the first 2 weeks after surgery. About 1 week following otoplasty, most patients are able to return to their normal routines. After the ears have healed completely, they usually have faint scars on their backs, which typically fade with time and, because of their strategic placement, are virtually invisible.
Otoplasty is a safe procedure with very little risk for complications. When rare complications do occur, they are usually minor. A small percentage of otoplasty patients develops a blood clot on the ear or an infection in the cartilage. These issues may resolve on their own or be treated medically through intervention or antibiotics. Other possible complications include a change in skin sensation at the surgical site.
Please contact us to discuss possible risks and complications associated with a rhytidectomy. Our team of plastic surgeons are happy to discuss and consult the entire medical procedure process with every patient.